Energy-Efficient, Durable Roofing: A Guide to Choosing Roofing Materials


While renovating your home’s old roof is one of the most costly home improvement ventures there is, it is also the most essential. Your roof is responsible for keeping you and your family safe from the harsh elements of the outdoors. It’s also partly responsible for regulating the temperature of your home and patio. That is why it is crucial that you choose to build your roof with materials that will make it both energy-efficient and durable.

What Makes a Roof Energy-Efficient?

There are many factors that go into the energy efficiency and durability of a roof. Everything from raw materials and how it is manufactured dictates how your roof performs over time. If you are in the Columbia, MO area and are in the market for a new roof, reach out to the Columbia MO roofing professionals, and speak with a consultant to see which roof is right for you.

Clay Tile Roofs

Clay tile roofs, also known as terra cotta, are one of the most durable yet expensive roofing materials on the market. If clay tiles fit your budget, they could be a viable option due to their long lifespan. Some clay roofs can last up to100 years. In addition, clay tiles are typically made with natural clay and are coated with specific paints and glazes for color and added protection. If you go with clay tiles, installing an efficient gutter system is essential to minimize water damage.

Metal Roofing

Contrary to popular belief, metal roofs are actually quite efficient. Not only do they save energy, but they are also wind and fire-resistant. In addition, they are quick and easy to install with a long lifespan compared to other roofing materials. Choosing to install metal roofs is also an eco-friendly decision, as they are easily recycled at the end of their lifetime.

Asphalt Shingles

Also known as composite shingles, asphalt shingles are both durable and strong reflectors of heat, making them the most cost-effective roofing materials in the market. They are also incredibly successful at protecting your home from heavy winds, rain, snow, and hail. However, since they are made up of fiberglass tar and petroleum products, they are not very sustainable or environmentally friendly.

Wooden Shingles and Shakes

Since wood is a sustainable resource, wooden shingles are one of the most sustainable roofing materials on the market. However, even though they are ecologically sustainable, they are much less durable than other materials, like clay and slate. On the other hand, Wooden shakes are thicker than shingles and serve as a fantastic natural insulator. With proper upkeep and maintenance, roofs made of wooden shakes can last up to 40 years.

Slate Roofs

There is a reason why slate is the go-to material for many historic and famous buildings. Slate roofs are known for both their durability and sleek design as they are a perfect combination of beauty and power. However, slate roofs are expensive and are so heavy that houses need specialized framing in order to support the material.

Plastic Polymer Roofing

If you are looking for easily accessible and durable roofing material, consider plastic polymer roofing. It’s perfect for those unique roofs with steep slopes and odd shapes as it can be carved to fit any style of roofing. While more expensive than other materials, plastic polymer can last up to 50 years and is an excellent safeguard against hail, strong winds, and other severe weather conditions.

Green-Roofing Systems

If you are looking for an easy home improvement that is both unique and environmentally friendly, consider installing a green roof system. Green roofs, also known as living roofs, consist of localized plants and grasses, soil, and a waterproof membrane. While these types of roofs are expensive and high maintenance, they easily absorb rainwater, preventing runoff and providing exceptional insulation.

Pick the Material that Suits Your Needs

There are many things to consider when it comes to installing a new roof. Your budget, environment, and specific needs all come into play. It is essential to take the time to analyze your situation and choose the roof that is right for you.

Nicholas Hardy
With a Master’s degree in Civil Engineering from the University of Texas, Nicholas Hardy has dedicated over 12 years to roofing and building materials. She holds a Bachelor's degree in Architecture from Georgia Tech, where she has carved out a niche as a roofing expert with over a decade of experience. His insights have helped countless homeowners through renovation projects. His passion for design extends beyond work, as reflected in his engaging and informative articles. Outside work, she loves traveling and is an amazing photographer, capturing worldwide architectural marvels.

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