The greenhouse is a structure that is generally used to create or maintain different climates which a plant or crop needs but is different from the actual climate outside in the locality, but there are several kinds of the greenhouse out of which one of the simplest but effective and useful is the cold frame greenhouse. Cold frame greenhouse is one of the most widely used greenhouse structures in the cold and snowy region. This structure is used for growing plants in the home and backyard as well as the crops.
The structure of the cold frame greenhouse lets it maintain the temperature warm and fit for the plants and seeds to germinate and grow like normal within the tough cold conditions in winters. The cold frame converts the tough winter condition into favorable conditions and helps in gardening. The cost induced in cold frame greenhouse is very budget-friendly when used for gardening. This technique is very effective for the areas where the temperature falls very low, like below or equal to 0 Degrees in winters.
Gardening in winter becomes convenient using a cold frame greenhouse. Here are a few aspects to consider while using these techniques.
1. Size & Structure of the Cold Frame
The size and structure of the cold frame are some of the major essentials you need to consider while using the cold frame greenhouse technique. The size of the cold frame is more considerable while using it for gardening. While using this technique for gardening the size needs to be well fitted for the area we have. The Structure of the cold frame generally contains the wooden frames surrounding the plants from all four sides. The frame should not be too compact, nor should it be too wide while covering the plant pots.
The closely packed structure helps seeds and soil maintain the appropriate temperature in the winters. This structure helps to reduce the adverse effect of the winters. Also, it contains an upper layer called a terrace which is made up of wood, glass, or fiber that holds the heat within the cold frame and helps plants to grow.
2. Budget for setting up Cold Frame
The second most important thing that needs to be considered while setting up the cold frame greenhouse for the plant pots or for the crops in winter is the budget of the setup. The budget needed to set up the cold frame is totally dependent on the quality of the setup and the size of the setup.
Like if it is being set up in a farm it needs a large amount to be invested as it will cover a large area and help in yielding crops but if this technique is used in gardening the setup will not be that costly, the setup will be easily settled in the backyard or in the garden. Sometimes this setup can be done with the help of waste wooden frames due to which the cost can be reduced. This technique is proven cost-effective for gardening in winters.
3. First Step Towards Using Cold Frame
The very first step after setting up the cold frame is to fill the soil in it. There are certain things that one should keep in mind while taking the first step of filling the soil. One of these things is to check the temperature because the temperature is one of the primary things for which this technique is being used.
So, the temperature of the soil must be regularly checked before and after filling it in the cold frame, it is generally done 7 days before the first snowfall is predicted, this is done so that the soil will be prepared to hold the temperature in the coming time span and the winter should not affect the growth and germination of the seeds and the plants will have their regular life cycle.
4. Things To Keep In Check While Planting Or Gardening In Cold Frame
There are various other factors that a farmer or a gardener should check or should keep in mind while placing or using the cold frame. One of them is the placement of the upper layer that is generally made up of glass, this should be put in such a way that it should leave some space for ventilation so that the plants can breathe but also the ventilation cannot be too big because it can cause snow or extra coolness entering the in-plant which will cause lack of growth in plants so there is very minimal ventilation should be left in case cold frame is used for gardening in winters.
One more thing that an individual should keep in mind is the duration of placing plants in the cold frame as if it is being removed early it will be ruined with the coldness and if kept for too long it will get affected by the humidity that is being created in the cold frame due to its compactness.
5. Best Usage of Cold Frame
The best usage of the cold frame greenhouse can be done in gardening. When it is used for gardening it requires less budget or even can be done with old wooden frames which makes it more cost-friendly. The Cold frame is the best used in the winters when the temperature is very low and the plantation is nearly impossible, that is the time when the cold frame greenhouse structure makes it possible for the planters to grow the plants and the crop. Since the cold frame contains the upper shield made up of glass fiber or wood itself it can be also used in rainy seasons, but this is very rare, so it is best used in the winter season for cutting off the effect of very low temperature and proven aid for gardeners in the winter season. A cold frame is the most simple but effective stuff for the gardeners living in the cold region and most of them use this technique very frequently during winters.